What Part Of The Brain Controls Emotions

What Part Of The Brain Controls Emotions
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Throughout your life, you have experienced a great number of emotions. From happiness to sadness, fear, anger, love, and all their variants. These feelings happen automatically and instantly and are out of your control. But have you ever thought about what part of the brain controls emotions?

If we ask Jim Kwik, the author of Mindvalley’s Superbrain program, learning is your superpower, and emotions are a big part of it.

What Part Of The Brain Controls Mood And Emotional Behavior?


The prefrontal cortex is responsible for planning future action. So if, for example, you are thinking about robbing a bank, your prefrontal cortex will process this idea, and connect it to the feelings of anxiety and fear. So you will preferably change your mind. If it is damaged, the patient loses control of his base impulses and acts in an inappropriate way. (E.g. decides to become physically aggressive upon feeling angry, or acts sexually aggressive after feeling aroused).

Disinhibited behavior, hypersexuality, and risk-taking are behavioral consequences of a removed or completely damaged amygdala.

Since the brain has two hemispheres, you can say that the left hemisphere processes while the right hemisphere identifies. For example, you experience a feeling of love, your right hemisphere will identify the feeling, but your left will decide on how to act.

Besides, once you learn how to control your emotions, you will surely get still breathinggood balance, and a happy life.

Which Is The Part Of The Brain That Regulates Emotions?


What Part Of The Brain Controls Emotions

The hypothalamus regulates the emotions by controlling the autonomic nervous system. It controls the endocrine system which is responsible for hormone production and release. It controls the physical reactions to different emotions. Remember butterflies in your stomach after you see someone you like? Or that tingling feeling in your legs after you have been scared? This is all the work of the hypothalamus.

The hormones responsible for your emotions are adrenalin (stress and anxiety), oxytocin (love and affection – like what a mother feels when she is holding her baby, or what you feel when you hug a dear person), dopamine (hormone of pleasure) and many others.

What Part Of The Brain Is Responsible For Sadness?


Sadness is experienced in the amygdala and the left prefrontal cortex. What is interesting and somehow ironic, this part shuts down, as seen on an MRI, when a person is clinically depressed. What characterizes a patient is emotional numbness, i. e. the patient does not feel any kind of emotion whatsoever.

How Does The Limbic System Control Emotions?


What Part Of The Brain Controls Emotions

The hypothalamus, the amygdala, the thalamus, and the hippocampus are the four main parts of the limbic system. There are others that some consider to be its part, but not all scientists agree.

  • The hypothalamus controls the endocrine system. The effects on your body are a faster heartbeat, dilated pupils, quicker breathing, and so on.
  • The amygdala is primarily related to negative emotions such as fear, anxiety, and anger. In collaboration with the hypothalamus, the amygdala is responsible for the fight-or-flight response. It helps control the entire behavioral pattern required by a situation. (It is completely normal and desirable to feel afraid when you see a car coming right at you). When destroyed, the subject’s behavior is completely opposite – mellow, and lacking an appropriate reaction.
  • The thalamus is responsible for directing sense into the corresponding areas in the cortex. In the context of emotions, senses influence them immensely (e. g. you can recall a particular emotion when you hear a song that reminds you of someone; your mother’s voice invokes happy memories).
  • The hippocampus processes sensory input in a way that the rest of the limbic system produces an appropriate reaction. Converts short – term to long – term memory and memories can invoke emotions. Just thinking about some previous event can cause you to feel either happy or sad.


Developing a Super Memory is a lot easier than you think. Discover the same tools that brain expert, Jim Kwik, taught Elon Musk, Brian Tracy and Google to boost their memory and speed up their learning. Sign up for his FREE Masterclass below:


Do you have any good way of controlling your emotions? Share your tricks with us in the comments section below!

Stefan Mitrovic

Stefan Mitrovic

"Nula dies sine linea" is what best describes Stefan.
A constant seeker for new ideas with interest in anything and everything. Trivia master and adventurer at heart, he is a true space cadet.

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