Superbrain: Everything You Need To Know About Your Forebrain

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Your brain is the most complex technology anywhere in the world. It has 3 major divisions which are the Forebrain, Midbrain and Hindbrain. These devisions allows us simplify and understand the functions of the brain.

Now let’s discuss each of these 3 parts of the brain, and break it down for you so this complex organ can be simply understood. Because if we can all understand our brains better, we can use it better too.

What is The Function of The Forebrain?

Each moment, your brain is processing data to make sense of your world. It takes just 2/10s of a second for your brain to react. From the moment we receive data from the senses, to goes through the Spine, and the Hindbrain. And from here, the complex data that needs further analysis will go to the Midbrain, or to the Forebrain.

In fact, as the the Hindbrain and Midbrain take care of our many subconscious functions, it frees the Forebrain for higher level processing. Indeed, your Forebrain is where perception, memory and data all come together, from the senses to your forebrain. And it’s here that we make sense of everything.

The core of the Forebrain is the Cerebrum and Cerebral Cortex. The Cerebrum and Cerebral Cortex of the Forebrain are truly your brain’s powerhouse. In fact they’re the largest part of the brain. A complex web of grey matter that makes up 85% of your brain’s weight. And within this are 86 billion neurons which form what many refer to as the “Seat of Consciousness”.

Next, let’s compare the functions of the hindbrain, midbrain and forebrain, starting from most primitive to most advanced.

What is the Function of the Forebrain, Midbrain and Hindbrain?

During our lifetimes, our brain’s change radically. When you were just a baby, your brain grew. First you had a spinal chord, and then a hindbrain. Next, your Midbrain formed and finally, you got really clever as that big Forebrain of yours developed. And thats fascinating, because this is the same order the brain formed over millions of years of evolution. Our brains evolved outwards from the Spinal Chord.

And in fact this leaves clues on the functions of each of the parts of the brain.

So lets see what’s going on under the hood:


Getting its name for the Latin word for ‘bridge’, your Hindbrain connects the Spine to the higher brain. It’s a coordination hub sending and receiving signals between these two. This division has parts which handle  more basic functions like facial movement, processing sound, maintaining balance, speech and chewing. Also located here is the Medulla oblongata, which is the control center for the heart and lungs. And it’s responsible for functions such as heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, swallowing and sneezing.



Also known as Mesencephalon, your Midbrain connects to both the Forebrain and Hindbrain. Together with the hindbrain, it forms the brainstem. This is the part of your brain which connects to the Spinal Chord directly. Thus, it is your physical connection between the brain and the rest of your body. It controls movement and also processes vision and speech. Eye movement is handled here too. And it also plays a role in motor and sensory functions like our body sensations and reflexes.


Sitting on top of the rest of the brain, your Forebrain is the largest part of your brain. It takes up 2/3 of your brain and comes in at roughly 1 pound in weight. It’s also the most advanced part of your brain, handling executive and higher functions such as thinking, perceiving and language. It also helps in controlling motor functions and relaying sensory data.

What is Included in the Forebrain?

Now lets go further down the rabbit hole, and talk about the structure of the most advanced part of your brain. Otherwise known as Prosencephalon, the Forebrain sits on, and covers over much of brain’s other structures. It has two sections, known as the Telencephalon and the Diencephalon.


The Telencephalon contains the Cerebral Cortex. You use this each day for a variety of tasks, including controlling motor functions, processing sensory data & complex actions such as reasoning and problem-solving. And this section can be further divided into 4 lobes which are responsible for all kinds of functions from sight to decision making to touch.

Cerebral Cortex: now if your brain has a “CPU”, then this is it. The Cerebral Cortex is where most data processing occurs. It’s an intricate landscape of grey matter which includes peaks (aka gyri) and valleys (aka fissures). A wonder of evolution, every one of its 6 layers is different than the last. Each layer has a different configuration of neurons and connections expertly suited to its many functions. It’s also split into 4 lobes, all with specific tasks.


As the second devision of the Forebrain, it relays sensory data and communicates with both the endocrine system and nervous system. Here, autonomic and endocrine functions are performed. The Diencephalon also has performs sensory and motor functions. Within the Diencephalon are:

Thalamus: is a network router and sorting station for your brain, sending, receiving and directing data to where it needs to go. It receives auditory, somatic, visceral, gustatory and visual data from the lower centers. Then it shoots to the relevant departments for further processing.

Here it’s decided which signals what needs conscious awareness and what should be ignored. New data is compared with existing memory and you decide if your map of the world needs updating. Not only that, but it’s also responsible for managing our circadian rhythm. Thus its vital to our feelings of sleep and wakefulness, as well as alertness, attention and awareness.

Hypothalamus: responsible for the fight or flight response, it has the ability to shut down the rest of the brain when put in dangerous physical and emotional situations. It controls behavior through regulating the release of hormones from the pituitary gland.

This Pituitary Gland hangs from the hypothalamus, and is known as the ‘master gland’ of the endocrine system, It’s also the control center for breathing, blood pressure and body temperature. This area secretes hormones that act upon the pituitary gland to regulate metabolism, reproduction and growth.

Pineal Gland: known in spiritual circles as the “third eye”. This is known as our perceptual center. It converts nerve signals to hormone signals. Thus, its our link between the nervous and endocrine systems. It also produces melatonin which is essential for your sleep-wake cycle.

Growing Your Superbrain

If lifelong learning is the key to a healthy brain, perhaps learning to learn faster could be your superpower! And if that sounds good to you, perhaps learning about your brain is a great way to start.

Because as Jim Kwik, Author of Mindvalley’s Superbrain Program, suggests “We need to understand how our minds work so we can work out minds better.”

Developing a Super Memory is a lot easier than you think. Discover the same tools that brain expert, Jim Kwik, taught Elon Musk, Brian Tracy and Google to boost their memory and speed up their learning. Sign up for his FREE Masterclass below:

What can  you do to grow your brain today? Share with us in the comments below!

Ritch Flynn

Ritch Flynn

Conscious writer, spiritual metalhead, man-splainer. When I’m not mancrushing on Ron Swanson, I write on Medium and Mindvalley. Mostly get my boots on for epic adventures, deep connections & bad jokes.

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