In the 1980s, psychologist Robert Sternberg created the triarchic theory of intelligence. Unhappy with the limited capacity of traditional IQ tests, he decided to pursue a new way of examining human intelligence.
His triarchic theory breaks intelligence down into three distinct types. With this model, a healthy balance between the three forms of intelligence is key. In fact, the better balanced you are, the more success you can achieve.
Analytical intelligence is one of Sternberg’s three forms of intelligence. Here’s how it works and how it can help you achieve success.
What Are Sternberg’s Three Types Of Intelligence?
Before we look at analytical intelligence, we must first explore Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence.
Sternberg’s three types of intelligence are analytical, experiential, and practical intelligence.
Each of these forms of intelligence measures the brain’s ability to manage different types of challenges.
What Is Analytical Intelligence?
Analytical intelligence is one of the three types of intelligence included in Sternberg’s triarchic theory.
Sternberg defines analytical intelligence as the ability to process and apply logical reasoning. It includes the ability to identify patterns and make accurate predictions about the outcome of complex events.
Of Sternberg’s three types of intelligence, analytical intelligence is closest to what’s measured on the traditional IQ test.
What Is Experiential Intelligence?
Another of Sternberg’s forms of intelligence is experiential intelligence or creative intelligence.
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Sternberg noticed intelligent people seem to have a predisposition for creative “outside the box” problem-solving. When confronted with scenarios they’ve never encountered, people with a high degree of creativity can quickly devise a solution.
People with creative intelligence pick up new skills and ideas quicker than others. In fact, they also have a remarkable talent for concocting new insights and approaches to novel dilemmas, making them expert problem solvers.
What Is Practical Intelligence?
According to Sternberg practical intelligence is the intelligence of common sense thinking. Others call it simply – “street smarts”.
A person’s practical intelligence is seen as the ability to adapt quickly to unfavorable conditions and confidently navigate their surroundings.
Think about the moment you got lost in a new city – how would you react and what would be your plan to find your way back home? This is exactly when your practical intelligence comes into play.
What Ability Is Provided By Analytical Intelligence According To Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory?
If you’ve got analytical intelligence, what skills and attributes would you be most likely to possess?
Those with analytical intelligence often perform well in an academic setting. They use logic and deductive reasoning to arrive at concrete solutions. But they’re also apt at grasping abstract concepts.
Analytical intelligence incorporates spatial recognition, mathematical proficiency, pattern recognition, and linguistic intelligence.
What Is Robert Sternberg Best Known For?
Robert Sternberg is a celebrated psychologist, researcher, and Professor of Human Development at Cornell University. And while he’s contributed plenty to the field of psychology, his triarchic theory of intelligence was definitely his most famous innovation.
In the 1990s, Sternberg proposed the Sternberg Triarchic Abilities Test (STAT). This test helps predict the success rate for children who don’t score well on traditional IQ tests.
Systems take a long time to change, so don’t be surprised if the traditional IQ test continues to crop up in academic settings. But Sternberg’s theory and STAT test are helping to redefine the way we understand human intelligence. And that’s a pretty big deal.
Intelligence isn’t a one size fits all affair.
It’s not how smart you are, but how are you smart.— Jim Kwik, Author of Mindvalley’s Superbrain Quest
So, what do you think of the triarchic theory of intelligence? Let us know in the comments below!