Today, we know a lot more about how parenting styles affect early child development. And we have the Baumrind parenting styles to thank for that.
But what are the Baumrind parenting styles? And which of the four styles is best suited to your family?
Here’s a quick crash course on Baumrind’s four primary parenting styles.
What Are The Four Diana Baumrind Parenting Styles?
Diana Baumrind was born in Berlin, Germany in 1927. She worked as a developmental psychologist and her biggest contribution to the field was the development of the now famous Baumrind parenting styles.
Diana believed that two factors were most important when raising young children: parental responsiveness and parental demandingness.
Parental responsiveness is measured by how responsive parents are to their children’s needs.
And parental demandingness measures how much parents expect of their children.
The main parenting styles of Diana’s research are authoritarian, permissive, authoritative, and neglectful parenting.
What is meant by parenting styles?
What type of people do you want your kids to become? Well, the answer to that question defines your parenting style.
A parenting style defines how you choose to build your relationship with your children. And it includes your approach to praise, discipline, rule setting, and communication.
What Are The 4 Types Of Parenting Styles?
“If everybody in the world brought more consciousness to their life and took more responsibility for themselves, we would have one hell of a good world to be living in.” – Jon Butcher, Author of Mindvalley’s Lifebook Program
Through her research, Diana observed parental expectations and responsiveness. And she came up with the following four parenting styles:
1. Authoritative parenting
Authoritative parenting emphasizes responsiveness, communication, and independence.
Parents aren’t afraid to set rules, but will readily explain the rules and their significance to their children.
2. Authoritarian parenting
Authoritarian parenting is characterized by strict rules and high expectations. Parents that use this parenting style are willing to go the extra mile to make sure their children succeed. But they also expect their children to put in an equal effort in return.
3. Permissive parenting
Permissive parenting is a new trend in modern parenting. These parents are warm and responsive but also take a more hands-off approach to rule setting.
They encourage their children to explore. They let their children learn from their mistakes through trial and error. This form of parenting fosters creativity and independence.
4. Neglectful parenting
Parents who use this parenting style aren’t very involved in their children’s lives. And children raised by neglectful parents are more outspoken, independent, and aggressive.
If you’d like to learn more about these four styles of parenting, this fantastically drawn infographic explains the traits of each type and the expected outcome of the child’s development.
There’s no right or wrong answer when it comes to parenting. But you can learn more about how to consciously parent your kids to unlock their full potential and enrich your relationship in the years to come.
So, what are your thoughts on these parenting styles? Share your experiences below.